Bundle size optimization#

This document describes how to optimize the bundle size of components through lazy loading to improve page load times. Contributors to Volto core should follow the guidelines in this document.

Lazy loading in core#

Since Volto 18, several core components use lazy loading to keep the final build size under control.

For example, the Form components are lazy loaded, which means that the code for the form components is only loaded when the user navigates to a page that contains a form. A new index file has been created at packages/volto/src/components/manage/Form/index.tsx that exports the form components with lazy loading. The exports in the main components index (packages/volto/src/components/index.js) have been updated to export components from the new specific index. The same goes for other components that have been lazy loaded, such as the control panels and widgets.

Several import statements have been updated to use the new lazy loaded components. For example, the Form component is now imported from @plone/volto/components/manage/Form instead of @plone/volto/components/manage/Form/Form. You should keep this in mind, and always import components from the specific component index files when available, while avoiding importing components from the main components index file, if possible. This should also help to reduce circular dependencies, and help the overall build performance in the long run.

Unit test components that use lazy loaded components#

If you import a component from a lazy loaded index, you can have issues with rendering these in unit tests. Mocks are provided for lazy loaded components and are available for you to use. This can be done by using the jest.mock function to mock the specific component index. For example, to mock the Form component and all other components in the Form-specific index, you can use the following code in your test file: